October 2, 2022


Charlotte Street School

Charlotte Street School

The Charlotte Street School (732  Charlotte Street in Fredericton) is designated as a Protected Provincial Historic Site for its architectural qualities linked to late-19th century urban elementary schools in Canada, and for its association with noted architects H.H. Mott and J.C. Dumaresq.

Built to replace a neighbourhood school housed in a nearby barracks, H.H. Mott and J.C. Dumaresq designed this refined Italianate brick elementary school which was begun in 1884 and completed in 1885 by local contractor Joshua Limerick. It is the oldest primary school building remaining in Fredericton and one of the city’s only Italianate style public buildings. In many ways it is a smaller, more modest architectural version of Dumaresq’s New Brunswick Legislative Assembly Building of the same era. The original T-shaped wing had six classrooms (three on each floor) and a wide double stairway that still dominates the main hallway. In 1917, a rear wing was opened with two classrooms on the main floor, an auditorium on the second floor and washrooms on both levels. 

Charlotte Street School

Workers renovating the old Grade One classroom discovered lists of pupils’ names from 1917 on an un-erased blackboard underneath the newer slates. From other writing, we know that this was posted in November. Thanks to the generosity of two former Charlotte Street School students, Canadian artist Mary Pratt and her sister Barbra Cross (whose grandmother’s name is written on the blackboards), we have been able to preserve these boards under glass. To date, no one has deciphered what the stars after the names signify. 

Charlotte Street School

The School Days footage featuring the Charlotte Street School, filmed by Reid Picture Equipment Service in 1936, is one of the most exciting resources available to the public and the only video footage known to date of this historic school. Funded by Fredericton’s Board of Trustees, the silent film shows various classes in session from each grade in the facility (grades 1-8), with captions explaining each scene. Instruction featured in the film provides a good indication of the school’s curriculum, which included singing, drawing, grammar, writing, math and physical education. 

Charlotte Street School studentsIn the film, children sit prim and proper in their seats, their hands folded in front of them while the teacher gives instruction from the front of the room, very similar to the approach taken in current education. Just as younger students today are provided a break, the students at Charlotte Street School were also provided a recess period. During this time, they were able to organize games, use punching bags and play in the large area behind the school. The only recognizable indications of the time period, aside from the obvious such as the footage itself or the student’s clothes, were glass milk bottles, early 20th century automobile and individual chalkboards. The chalkboards were not the only writing resource available to the students, though. Students used them in the mathematics classroom, but in a previous scene children also use pencils and paper for their drawing class. 

The last class at the Charlotte Street Elementary School was the 1974/75 term. Then students were bussed to the Priestman Street School. 

In 2005 the school was restored and renovated, gaining new life as the Charlotte Street Arts Centre – a multi-use cultural facility open to the public.

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4 thoughts on “Charlotte Street School

  1. My family, including my father, attended Charlotte St School. I was part of the last grade 6 class that graduated before the school was closed and watched it change rolls several times before becoming the Act Centre. Its a wonderful building which helped create a lot of memories for all those fortunate enough to attend it. Long may it stand !
    Mark Colwell

  2. That didn’t take long… We got this response from one of our Facebook friends:

    Penny Belyea: I went there until grade three, 1974/75 and then they bussed us all the way to Priestman street when CSS closed. That was a big change for us, going into an open wall school and going on a bus.

  3. Hi Ian.

    We’ve Googled, called the School Board Office, the Department of Education, the Provincial Archives, and nobody can give us the information you’ve asked for. But we haven’t given up. We’ve reached out to our friends on Facebook and Freddy Photos to see if they can help. Surely someone in those groups attended or had a child that attended the school. Keep and eye on the page. If we can find the info, we’ll add it to the post, and I’ll email the answer to you. Thanks for visiting our site.

    Larry & Steve

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