Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) National Historic Site of Canada, though without any extant remnants or discovered archaeological proof, is acknowledged by a plaque from the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. The plaque is located in Carleton Park, Fredericton, close to the junction of Union Street and Gibson Street.
Once a classic French fort of the 17th century, it featured a timber pile palisade and diamond-shaped bastions. It was established at the confluence of the Nashwaak River and the Saint John River, approximately 700 meters south of the plaque’s current location. Official recognition pertains to a five-meter radius surrounding the plaque..
In 1924, Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) was declared a national historic site of Canada for the following reasons:
- Built in 1692 and deserted in 1698, the fort served as the base for numerous French attacks against New England, one of which led to the capture of Fort William Henry at Pemaquid in August 1696.
- Under the supervision of the New France Governor, Joseph Robineau de Villebon, Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) was erected during the winter of 1691-1692. The fort played a crucial role in maintaining the New England-Acadia boundary and thwarted the English annexation attempts on the French colony. Assisted by the Abenakis, the French launched various attacks on New England settlements from this fort.
A notable victory occurred during a raid in the summer of 1696 when a French contingent led by de Villebon and his brother seized Fort William Henry. Despite an English counterattack on Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat) via the Saint John River, the assault failed, leading to a two-day siege being lifted. In 1698, de Villebon received orders from the King to construct a new fort at the mouth of the Saint John River, leading to the demolition of Fort Nashwaak (Naxoat). Since then, erosion has eradicated the site and any potential archaeological evidence.
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