Meductic is a small village located along the Saint John River approximately 33 kilometers southeast of Woodstock. Meductic Indian Village / Fort Meductic was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1924 because the fortified village of Meductic was the principal settlement of the Maliseet First Nation from before the 17th century until the middle of the 18th, and an important fur trading centre when the First Nation came under the influence of the Acadians.
The fortified village of Meductic was established by the Maliseet First Nation on a plateau on the bank of the Saint John River, west of the Eel River. Each spring, the lowlands around the plateau filled with water creating arable land for crops. Until the 17th century, the nomadic Maliseet would regularly visit the site in the spring to plant corn, returning later in the year to harvest their crops. In their battle for this valuable territory, the French settlers in the region allied themselves with the Iroquois, Maliseet and Penobscot, while the English allied themselves with the Mohawk. To defend themselves against the Mohawk and to protect their claim to this geographically significant settlement, the Maliseet established a fort on the plateau.
By the end of the 17th century, Meductic had a Jesuit mission and was incorporated into a French seigneury. The mission changed the landscape of Meductic, and by 1760 the Maliseet, who left to settle in other communities, abandoned the village. The land was then sporadically used as an Aboriginal camp until 1841. Shortly thereafter, the site became part of a farm that was owned by the Hay family throughout the late 19th century. In 1968 the Mactaquac dam was built, flooding much of the Saint John River valley, including the entire site of Meductic.
Meductic is a National Historic Site of Canada. A Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada plaque and cairn marking the site is located nearby on Fort Meductic Road.
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