Teacher’s Cove

Archaeologists at work

Teacher’s Cove

Archaeology is a discipline within historical sciences that focuses on uncovering and interpreting past human behaviors through the examination of material remains. The primary source of information for archaeologists comes from physical artifacts found in places where humans once lived, worked, socialized, and were laid to rest.

Teacher’s Cove is among the largest of nearly 100 ancient sites identified in the Passamaquoddy Bay region of southern New Brunswick. This site features an extensive shell-midden deposit, which demonstrates over 2000 years of human occupation. Throughout history, people inhabited the area both permanently and as a seasonal encampment.

A noteworthy characteristic of Teacher’s Cove is the presence of semi-subterranean dwellings dating back about 2000 years ago. In more recent times, the wigwam emerged as the primary form of housing.

The most intense period of occupation at Teacher’s Cove occurred around 1000 years ago. The inhabitants were likely the forebears of the Maliseet and Micmac peoples from the Maritimes. They relied on a variety of resources, such as shellfish, marine mammals, caribou, deer, moose, bear, and beaver, for sustenance and materials to create clothing and tools.

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One thought on “Teacher’s Cove

  1. I’m impressed that people are giving of their time and energy to advance studies of the pass in southern NB . The history of passed inhabitants in this wonderful part of New Brunswick will help to make history a living monument to the living conditions experienced by the people who lived 1000-2000 years ago !

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