William Taylor House

This timber-girt frame house, located at 232 Northumberland Street in Fredericton, was built in 1846 by carpenter William Taylor and occupied by his family for the next 130 years.

Although the entrance is presently on the side, it was originally on the front street where the right-hand window lies and changed sometime after 1877.


George T. Taylor home at 232 Northumberland St., Fredericton, elevated view from across the street. Exhibition Building in far left background.

William Pentlowe Taylor (1802-1871), was a carpenter and house joiner who emigrated from London, England to Fredericton  with his father, George Taylor, prior to 1826. William and Frances Taylor had no fewer than five children: William, John, George, Susan, and Sophia. William Taylor, Sr. built a home for his family at 232 Northumberland Street, where they resided for many years. Sons John M. and George T. worked with their father, for a time, and possibly with their grandfather.

John Taylor at his workshop
John Taylor in front of his Westmorland Street machine shop and foundry.

John stayed with the family business, toiling in his workshop on Westmorland Street, building things for Frederictonians. He sharpened blades and cutters, constructed ice skates and household goods; even building the first “velocipede” or bicycle in the town.

John Taylor on his velocipede.
John Taylor on his velocipede. Photo by brother George Taylor.

Later, but before there was a water supply system, he built hand fire pumps; copying or reinventing British or marine models, so that the fire fighters of Fredericton could do more than bucket the water from the town cisterns.

John Taylor Steam Pumper

Later, he assisted in installing some steam-driven equipment into the new water pumping station, and got interested in steam-driven equipment. Apparently (I have yet to verify it) he ended up working as the chief engineer of the pumping station

John M. Taylor also built and repaired steam engines. William Taylor, Jr. was residing in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in the early 1870s. 

George Taylor
George Taylor

William’s second son George (1838-1913) became a painter and pioneer in photography, beginning in 1856 when he built his first camera and began experimenting with the production of daguerreotypes (he would build every one of his cameras himself). George was one of the first to photograph Fredericton and its surrounding areas, and in 1863, Lieutenant-Governor Arthur Hamilton Gordon requested that Taylor travel the Province and take photographic views, giving him a letter requesting that people offer him necessary assistance as best they could.

Photograph by George T. Taylor. Credit: Provincial Archives of New Brunswick/P5-308

Taylor took an abundant number of remarkable photographs, including images of cityscapes, buildings, the countryside, military excercises, river and commercial scenes, and First Nations – often traveling with Native guides by canoe along the St. John and Tobique Rivers during such expeditions. He also had a portrait studio within the house, expanded on the river-side for this function.

With his last images being taken in 1906, the renowned Taylor photographic collection lives on in the Provincial Archives as one of the most important visual records of the Province’s history. 

George Taylor has been credited with inventing the blueprint in response to the needs of the Crown Lands Department.

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